Mesothelioma pericardial is not diagnosed as often as the more well known plerual mesothelioma, however, it is just as deadly. Mesothelioma of the pericardium accounts for only 6 to 10 percent of mesothelioma victims. The disease is caused by asbestos exposure. When asbestos is inhaled into the lungs, it may enter the blood stream and travel to the heart, where it lodges in the lining known as the pericardium. According to asbestos.com, only 200 cases of pericardial mesothelioma have been reported around the world.
Exposure to Asbestos
Exposure to asbestos may have happened in the workplace or at home. Inhalation of fibers attached to substances such as insulation, tile, patching compound, painting materials, roofing, siding and some appliances made before the early 1980s may have put you at risk for exposure to asbestos that can lead to mesothelioma pericardial. A home that has been built within the past 50 years may have building materials that contain asbestos particles that cause mesothelioma.
Symptoms of Mesothelioma Pericardial
Because symptoms of mesothelioma pericardial mimic heart disease or other illnesses, it is often hard to determine if a patient is suffering from the condition. Symptoms such as persistent coughing, breathing problems, chest pain, fatigue, and irregular heartbeat are common to the illness. Because these symptoms are so similar to those that indicate a wide variety of heart problems, mesothelioma pericarial disease may be subject to widespread misdiagnosis. Symptoms of mesothelioma may not appear for up to 30 years following exposure.
Diagnosis for Mesothelioma Pericardial
In order to get an accurate diagnosis of mesotheliom pericardial, it is necessary to detail any exposure to asbestos that may have led to the condition to a physician to ensure accurate diagnosis and treatment. It is helpful to know dates of exposure and possible types of materials well. Diagnosis might include an initial X-ray followed by a Magnetic Imaging Scan (MRI), or Computerized Axial Tomography (CAT) scan may be necessary for a more detailed diagnosing mesothelioma pericardial. Finally, if the disease is suspected, a biopsy may be performed for a definitive diagnosis.
Treatment for Pericardial Mesothelioma
Mesothelioma pericardial causes tumors to form in the pericardium, and can be treated with surgery. According to optinghealth.com, fine needle aspiration may also be used to drain fluid buildup caused by the disease. This can alleviate some discomfort. It is usually not possible, however, to remove all tumors associated with the condition. Cancer treatment such as chemotherapy and radiation are usually used to treat any leftover cancerous cells. Mesothelioma pericardial is more treatable if detected early.